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dc.contributor.authorCarmona Ramírez, M. A.
dc.contributor.authorCongregado Ramírez de Aguilera, Emilio 
dc.contributor.authorGolpe Moya, Antonio Aníbal
dc.identifier.citationCarmona Ramírez, M. A., Congregado Ramírez de Aguilera, E., Golpe Moya, A.A.: "Comovement between self-employment and macroeconomic variables : evidence from Spain". SAGE Open. Spain Mónica Carmona, Emilio Congregado, and Antonio A. Golpe SAGE Open. Vol. 2, n. 2, (2012). DOI: 10.1177/2158244012448665en_US
dc.description.abstractThe relationship between self-employment and certain macroeconomic variables is often at the heart of the debate about the contributions of self-employment to employment and economic growth; examining this relationship is the aim of this article. This article is devoted to the empirical exploration of the comovement and causality between entrepreneurship and economic performance in both directions. This study searches for basic relationships between self-employment and certain macroeconomic variables in Spain using quarterly data from 1980:1 to 2009:4. From this analysis, four key findings emerge: (a) the relation between self-employment and the business cycle differs across two components of self-employment, that is, employers and own-account workers; (b) the existence of a strong bidirectional causality between self-employment and unemployment and GDP; (c) business cycles contain information valuable for predicting today’s employers; and (d) entrepreneurship promotion policies oriented to encourage the emergence of new job creators may be a cornerstone of a new strategy to combat unemployment. These results should be kept in mind when designing entrepreneurship policies.en_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.titleComovement between self-employment and macroeconomic variables : evidence from Spainen_US

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