Pain catastrophizing related to psychological inflexibility, self-reported injuries and perfectionism in soccer referees.
CitationArbinaga, F. (2023). Pain catastrophizing related to psychological inflexibility, self-reported injuries and perfectionism in soccer referees. Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise https://doi.org/10.1007/s42978-023-00234-z
AbstractPurpose This study aimed to analyze how psychological fexibility, perfectionism, and reported injuries are related to pain catastrophizing in soccer referees. Methods Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Setting: Data were collected online from 199 soccer referees. Pain catastrophizing was assessed with the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, psychological infexibility with the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire, and perfectionism with the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale. Data were also gathered on other injury-related variables. Results Referees with medium–high scores on psychological infexibility showed greater pain catastrophizing (t=5.322, P<0.001), rumination (t=4.004, P<0.001), helplessness (t=5.023, P<0.001) and magnifcation (t=5.590, P<0.001) than those with low scores. Psychological infexibility emerged as a signifcant predictor of catastrophizing (β=0.313, P=0.006). A slight relationship was found between perfectionism and catastrophizing. For all subscales, the referees who reported mild–moderate injuries in the last three seasons showed greater pain catastrophizing, while those with severe injuries obtained higher scores on all dimensions of catastrophizing except magnifcation. Finally, those who reported severe injuries only obtained higher scores on rumination and helplessness. Conclusion These results provide a better understanding of the variables that infuence pain perception. Possible interventions are suggested based on the observation that greater psychological fexibility was associated with lower pain catastrophizing, with the specifc features of the latter depending on the presence and severity of the injury