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dc.contributor.authorLinares Catela, José Antonio 
dc.contributor.authorDonaire Romero, Teodosio 
dc.contributor.authorMora Molina, Coronada
dc.contributor.authorCáceres Puro, Luis Miguel
dc.identifier.citationLinares-Catela, J. A., Donaire Romero, T., Mora Molina, C., & Cáceres Puro, L. M. (2023). Choosing the site, getting the stones, building the dolmens: local sourcing of andesites at the El Pozuelo megalithic complex (Huelva, Spain). In Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (Vol. 15, Issue 7). Springer Science and Business Media LLC.
dc.identifier.issn1866-9565 (electrónico)
dc.description.abstractThe geoarchaeological study focuses on the lithological characterization and provenance determination of the rocks of the El Pozuelo dolmens. The difficulty of identifying volcanic rocks in the intensely altered and deformed environment of the Iberian Pyrite Belt has required the implementation of a research methodology combining the archaeological and geological analysis of the megaliths and the area surrounding the Los Llanetes group. A total of 29 thin sections and 14 geochemical analyses (ICP-AES, ICP-MS and REE) have been carried out on samples from the dolmens and potential source areas, focusing on the chemical elements considered immobile during alteration processes. The petrological analyses confirm the identification of different andesite lithotypes and enable us to correlate the rocks used in the construction of the megaliths with source areas and quarries located within a 50–350 m radius. Several patterns are observed in the selection of the rocks, based on the material, visual and symbolic properties of the different lithologies. Foliated andesite is the most common stone used in the monuments, due to its excellent physical properties and technological suitability for extraction and transformation into megalithic supports. Other types of andesite (sheared, massive and amphibole-phyric), white quartz, ferruginous agglomerate and gabbro were also used for different architectural purposes. The results confirm the importance of locally available suitable rocks in determining site location, raw material procurement and monument construction during the Late Neolithic.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipOpen Access funding provided thanks to the CRUE-CSIC agreement with Springer Nature. This study was funded by the ERDF Operational Programme and the Consejería de Economía y Conocimiento de la Junta de Andalucía (2014-2020), and has been developed within the R+D+i Project "MEGA-LITHOS. Geo-archaeological study methods for the investigation of the Huelva megalithisms" (UHU-1263153), University of Huelva. The funding of the Open Access charge has been assumed by the Complutense University of Madrid, thanks to the agreement established by CRUE-CSIC with Springer Nature.es_ES
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC.es_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s version
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherMegalithic quarryinges_ES
dc.subject.otherVolcanic rockses_ES
dc.subject.otherGeochemistry (ICP-AES · ICP-MS and REE)es_ES
dc.titleChoosing the site, getting the stones, building the dolmens: local sourcing of andesites at the El Pozuelo megalithic complex (Huelva, Spain)es_ES
dc.subject.unesco2506 Geologíaes_ES
dc.subject.unesco5505.01 Arqueologíaes_ES

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