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dc.contributor.authorEscobar, Marcos
dc.contributor.authorDíaz, J. G.
dc.contributor.authorMárquez Martínez, Gonzalo 
dc.contributor.authorBoente López, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorTocco, R.
dc.identifier.citationEscobar, M., Díaz, J. G., Márquez, G., Boente, C., & Tocco, R. (2022). THE LA LUNA/RÍO NEGRO(.) PETROLEUM SYSTEM AT THE URDANETA WEST FIELD, LAKE MARACAIBO BASIN, NW VENEZUELA: 1D BASIN MODELLING AND SECONDARY OIL MIGRATION. In Journal of Petroleum Geology (Vol. 45, Issue 3, pp. 283–302). Wiley.
dc.identifier.issn1747-5457 (electrónico)
dc.description.abstractThis paper investigates the timing of hydrocarbon generation in the northern part of the Urdaneta West field in the NW of the Lake Maracaibo Basin, NW Venezuela, based on ID basin modelling at three wells referred to as wells X, Y and Z. Kitchen areas were identified and secondary migration directions were inferred based on analyses of the thermal and burial history of the Upper Cretaceous La Luna Formation source rock and the geochemistry of 20 oil samples from the Río Negro Formation reservoir. Aliphatic hydrocarbons in the oil samples were analysed by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) while the vanadium- nickel and sulphur contents were determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, respectively. Bulk and molecular characterizations indicated that the oils originated from a marine carbonate source rock containing oil-prone Type II kerogen, consistent with generation by the La Luna Formation. Burial and thermal history modelling in the study area indicated that the La Luna source rock at wells X, Y and Z reached the oil window during the late Eocene, mid-Eocene and early Paleocene respectively. ID model results from the three wells showed that hydrocarbon generation began in the early Eocene. The transformation ratio of the La Luna Formation source rock in the modelled wells reached values of 35%, 98% and 100% by the end of the Eocene. In the Urdaneta West field, two different oil charges appear to have mixed in the Río Negro reservoir. Both oil charges were generated by the La Luna Formation source rock but at different times. A first charge of less mature oil occurred in the middle-late Eocene (Phase 1 generation), and a second, more mature oil charge took place in the Miocene - Quaternary (Phase 2 generation). The kitchen area for the first oil charge is inferred to have been located to the north and NE of Urdaneta West; that for the second oil charge to the south of the field. This migration model is supported by observed variations in the geochemical compositions of the oil samples analysed from different wells in the Urdaneta West field.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipJ.G. Diaz acknowledges the support of the PDVSA Western Exploration Project Management and the University of Zulia. The authors are grateful to Iván Chirino and Patricia Marín for their scientific assistance. We are also grateful to the JPG referees (Karla Quintero-Bonilla, Katya Reategui and anonymous) whose comments helped to improve the original version of this manuscript. Carlos Boente obtained a post-doctoral contract within the program PAIDI 2020 (Ref 707 DOC 01097), co-financed by the Junta de Andalucía (Andalusian Government) and the EU.
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s version
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherID basin modeles_ES
dc.subject.otherPetroleum geochemistryes_ES
dc.subject.otherReservoir-filling historyes_ES
dc.subject.otherSource rockes_ES
dc.subject.otherLa Luna Formationes_ES
dc.subject.otherUrdaneta West fieldes_ES
dc.subject.otherLake Maracaibo Basines_ES
dc.titleThe La Luna/Río Negro(.) Petroleum system at the Urdaneta West Field, lake Maracaibo basin, NW Venezuela: ID basin modelling and secondary oil migrationes_ES
dc.subject.unesco2503 Geoquímicaes_ES

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