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dc.contributor.authorGualda, Estrella 
dc.contributor.authorKrouwel, Andre
dc.contributor.authorPalacios Gálvez, María Soledad 
dc.contributor.authorMorales Marente, Elena María 
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Pascual, Iván 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Navarro, Esperanza Begoña
dc.identifier.citationGualda, E., Krouwel, A., Palacios-Gálvez, M., Morales-Marente, E., Rodríguez-Pascual, I., & García-Navarro, E. B. (2021). Social Distancing and COVID-19: Factors Associated With Compliance With Social Distancing Norms in Spain. In Frontiers in Psychology (Vol. 12). Frontiers Media SA.
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078 (electrónico)
dc.description.abstractThis article describes patterns of compliance with social distancing measures among the Spanish population during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. It identifies several factors associated with higher or lower compliance with recommended measures of social distancing. This research is part of a 67-country study, titled the International COVID-19 study on Social & Moral Psychology, in which we use a Spanish dataset. Participants were residents in Spain aged 18 or above. The sample comprises 1,090 respondents, weighted to be representative of the Spanish population. Frequencies, correlations, bivariate analysis, and six models based on hierarchical multiple regressions were applied. The main finding is that most Spaniards are compliant with established guidelines of social distance during the pandemic (State of Alarm, before May 2020). Variables associated more with lower levels of compliance with these standards were explored. Six hierarchical multiple regression models found that compliance with social distance measures has a multifactorial explanation (R 2 between 20.4 and 49.1%). Sociodemographic factors, personal hygiene patterns, and the interaction between personal hygiene patterns and the support for political measures related to the coronavirus brought significant effects on the regression models. Less compliance was also associated with beliefs in some specific conspiracy theories with regard to COVID-19 or general conspiracy mentality (Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire, CMQ), consumption patterns of traditional mass media (television, paper newspapers, magazines, and radio) and modern means to get informed (online digital newspapers, blogs, and social networks), political ideology, vote, trust in institutions, and political identification. Among the future lines of action in preventing the possible outbreak of the virus, we suggest measures to reinforce trust in official information, mainly linked to reducing the influence of disinformation and conspiracy theories parallel to the pandemic.es_ES
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s version
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherSocial distancinges_ES
dc.subject.otherConspiracy theorieses_ES
dc.subject.otherPublic healthes_ES
dc.titleSocial Distancing and COVID-19: Factors Associated With Compliance With Social Distancing Norms in Spaines_ES
dc.subject.unesco3212 Salud Publicaes_ES

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Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
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