A predictive model for the time course of seedling emergence of Phalaris brachystachys (short-spiked canary grass) in wheat fields
PublisherInstituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA)
CitationBastida, F., Lezaun, J.A., González Andújar, J.L. (2021). A predictive model for the time course of seedling emergence of Phalaris brachystachys (short-spiked canary grass) in wheat fields. In Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research (Vol. 19, Issue 3, p. e10SC02-e10SC02). Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA). https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2021193-17876
AbstractAim of study: A predictive model of the seedling emergence pattern of Phalaris brachystachys Link (short-spiked canary grass) was developed, aimed to contribute to support a more efficient management of this troublesome, competitive weed in winter cereal crops around its native Mediterranean range and in different areas of the world where it is introduced. Area of study: Southern (Andalusia) and northern Spain (Navarra). Material and methods: A model describing the emergence pattern of P. brachystachys in cereal fields based on accumulation of hydro thermal time in soil was developed and validated. For model development, cumulative emergence data were obtained in an experimental field, while an independent validation of the model was conducted with data collected in two commercial wheat fields from climatically contrasting regions of Spain. Main results: The relationship between cumulative emergence and cumulative hydrothermal time (CHT) was well described by a Logistic model. According to model predictions, 50% and 95% seedling emergence takes place at 108 and 160 CHT above base water potential for seed germination, respectively. The model accurately predicted the seedling emergence time course of P. brachystachys in the two commercial wheat fields (R2 = 0.92). Research highlights: This model is a new tool that may be useful to improve the timing of control measures to maximize efficiency in reducing P. brachystachys infestations in cereal crops.