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dc.contributor.authorSánchez Cordero, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorGómez Melgar, Sergio Jesús 
dc.contributor.authorAndújar Márquez, José Manuel
dc.identifier.citationSánchez Cordero, A., Gómez Melgar, S., Andújar Márquez, J. M. (2019). Green Building Rating Systems and the New Framework Level(s): A Critical Review of Sustainability Certification within Europe. Energies, 13(1), 66. DOI:
dc.description.abstractIncreasing problems regarding pollution and climate change have long been demonstrated by scientific evidence. An important portion of carbon emissions are produced by the building sector. These emissions are directly related not only to the building’s energy consumption, but also other building attributes a ecting the construction and operation of existing buildings: materials selection, waste management, transportation, water consumption, and others. To help reduce these emissions, several green building rating system (GBRSs) have appeared during the last years. This has made it di cult for stakeholders to identify which GBRSs could be more suitable to a specific project. The heterogeneity of the GRBS scenario requires the creation of a transparent and robust indicator framework that can be used in any country within the European Union (EU), which is a common EU framework of core sustainability indicators for o ce and residential buildings Level(s) with the goal to provide a solid structure for building sustainability certification across all countries of the EU. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the most common GBRSs within the EU: Building Research Establishment Assessment Method (BREEAM), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB), Haute Qualité Environnementale (HQE), and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED), and a bottom up comparison of the influence in the final score produced by the indicators stated by Level(s). The indicators studied show a di erent influence of Level(s) indicators on every GBRS, where LEED and BREEAM were most a ected while HQE and DGNB were less so. This paper demonstrates the heterogeneity of current GRBSs in the EU scenario and the di erence between sustainability assessments, where DGNB seems to be more aligned to the current EU framework. Finally, the paper concludes with the need to work to achieve alignment between the GBRS and Level(s).es_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s versión
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherGreen building rating systemses_ES
dc.subject.otherBuilding Research Establishment Assessment Methodes_ES
dc.subject.otherDeutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauenes_ES
dc.subject.otherHaute Qualité Environnementalees_ES
dc.subject.otherLeadership in Energyes_ES
dc.subject.otherEnvironmental Designes_ES
dc.titleGreen Building Rating Systems and the New Framework Level(s): A Critical Review of Sustainability Certification within Europees_ES

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