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dc.contributor.authorSánchez de la Campa Verdona, Ana María 
dc.contributor.authorRosa Díaz, Jesús de la 
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Castanedo, Yolanda 
dc.contributor.authorFernández Camacho, Rocío 
dc.contributor.authorAlastuey Urós, José Andrés
dc.contributor.authorQuerol, X.
dc.contributor.authorStein, Ariel
dc.contributor.authorRamos, J. L.
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez González, Sergio 
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Orellana, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorNava, S.
dc.identifier.citationSánchez de la Campa Verdona, A.M., Rosa Díaz, J. de la, Gónzalez Castanedo, Y., Fernández Camacho, R., Alastuey Urós, J.A., Querol, X., Stein, A., Ramos, J. L., Rodríguez González, S., García Orellana, I., Nava, S.: "Levels and chemical composition of PM in a city near a large Cu-smelter in Spain". Journal of Environmental Monitoring. Vol. 13, n. 5, pág. 1276-1287 (2011). ISSN 1464-0325
dc.description.abstractA long-term series (2001–2008) of chemical analysis of atmospheric particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) collected in the city of Huelva (SW Spain) is considered in this study. The impact of emission plumes from one of the largest Cu-smelters in the world on air quality in the city of Huelva is evidenced by the high daily and hourly levels of As, other potentially toxic elements (e.g. Cu, Zn, Cd, Se, Bi, and Pb) in particulate matter, as well as the high levels of some gaseous pollutants (NO2 and SO2). Mean arsenic levels in the PM10 fraction were higher than the target value set by European Directive 2004/ 107/EC (6 ngAs m 3) for 1st January 2013. Hourly peak concentrations of As and other metals and elements (Zn, Cu, P and Se) analyzed by PIXE can reach maximum hourly levels as high as 326 ngAs m 3, 506 ngZn m 3, 345 ngCu m 3, 778 ngP m 3 and 12 ngSe m 3. The contribution of Cu-smelter emissions to ambient PM is quantified on an annual basis in 2.0–6.7 mg m 3 and 1.8–4.2 mg m 3 for PM10 and PM2.5, respectively. High resolution outputs of the HYSPLIT dispersion model show the geographical distribution of the As ambient levels into the emission plume, suggesting that the working regime of the Cu-smelter factory and the sea breeze circulation are the main factors controlling the impact of the Cu-smelter on the air quality of the city. The results of this work improve our understanding of the behaviour of industrial emission plumes and their impact on air quality of a city, where the population might be exposed to very high ambient concentrations of toxic metals during a few hours.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was developed within the framework of project CGL2005-05693-C03-01 and was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and Project CS2007-0067 GRACCIE by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Also, we would like to thank the Autonomous Government of Andalusia for financing this work (Projects 2007-RNM 02729 and RNM-03125). We would like to thank the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for providing the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model. Thanks also go to the NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Laboratory for Atmospheres, Greenbelt (MD, USA), the Atmospheric Modeling and Weather Forecasting Group from the University of Athens and NASA's SeaWIFS Project for the valuable information supplied by the TOMS and SKIRON aerosol maps and satellite images.
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistryen_US
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
dc.subject.otherIndustrialized urban siteeng
dc.subject.otherParticulate matter PM10eng
dc.subject.otherSouthwester Spaineng
dc.subject.otherSource apportionmenteng
dc.subject.otherArsenic speciationeng
dc.titleLevels and chemical composition of PM in a city near a large Cu-smelter in Spainen_US
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAggreement/Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation [CGL2005-05693-C03-01, CS2007-0067 GRACCIE]
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAggreement/Autonomous Government of Andalusia [2007-RNM 02729, RNM-03125]

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