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dc.contributor.authorArrayás Grajera, Manuel Javier 
dc.contributor.authorTornero Quiñones, Inmaculada 
dc.contributor.authorGavilán Carrera, Blanca
dc.contributor.authorLuque Reca, Octavio
dc.contributor.authorPeñacoba Puente, Cecilia
dc.contributor.authorSierra Robles, Ángela 
dc.contributor.authorCarbonell Baeza, Ana
dc.contributor.authorEstévez López, Fernando
dc.identifier.citationArrayás-Grajera, M. J., Tornero-Quiñones, I., Gavilán-Carrera, B., Luque-Reca, O., Peñacoba-Puente, C., Sierra-Robles, Á., Carbonell-Baeza, A., & Estévez-López, F. (2021). Fibromyalgia: Evidence for Deficits in Positive Psychology Resources. A Case-Control Study from the Al-Ándalus Project. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 18, Issue 22, p. 12021). MDPI AG.
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601 (electrónico)
dc.description.abstractPositive psychology is the study of positive subjective experience and individual traits. Identifying deficits in positive psychology regarding fibromyalgia may inform targets for management. Therefore, the aim of the present case–control study was to compare the levels of positive affect, negative affect, satisfaction with life, optimism and emotional repair in a large sample of women with fibromyalgia (cases) and age-matched peers without fibromyalgia (controls). This case–control study included 437 women with fibromyalgia (51.6 ± 7.1 years old) and 206 age-matched women without fibromyalgia (50.6 ± 7.2 years old). Participants self-reported their levels of (i) subjective well-being on the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and the Satisfaction with Life Scale, (ii) dispositional optimism on the Life Orientation Test-Revised and (iii) emotional repair on the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. Women with fibromyalgia showed lower levels of positive affect, satisfaction with life, optimism and emotional repair and higher levels of negative affect. Large effect sizes were found for positive affect, negative affect and satisfaction with life (all, Cohen’s d ≥ 0.80) and small-to-moderate for emotional repair and optimism (both, Cohen’s d ≥ 0.50). Women with fibromyalgia experience deficits of positive psychology resources. Thus, developing tailored therapies for fibromyalgia focusing on reducing deficits in positive psychology resources may be of clinical interest, though this remains to be corroborated in future researches_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (I+D+i DEP2010-15639, I+D+I DEP2013-40908); the Spanish Ministry of Education (FPU15/00002), Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES). F.E.-L. has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no. 707404. The funders of this study did not have any role in the study design, data collection and analyses, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript We would like to thank the researchers of the cts-1018 research group, particularly Manuel Delgado-Fernández, and acknowledge the “Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Chemistry Sensibility Federation” (“ALBA ANDALUCIA”, association of fibromyalgia, Andalucía, southern Spaines_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s version
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherVulnerability (psychological)es_ES
dc.subject.otherSubjective well-beinges_ES
dc.subject.otherResilience (psychological)es_ES
dc.subject.otherChronic paines_ES
dc.subject.otherEmotional intelligencees_ES
dc.subject.otherPersistent physical symptomses_ES
dc.titleFibromyalgia: Evidence for Deficits in Positive Psychology Resources. A Case-Control Study from the Al-Ándalus Projectes_ES

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