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dc.contributor.authorGómez Baya, Diego 
dc.contributor.authorMendoza Berjano, Ramón
dc.identifier.citationGómez Baya, D., Mendoza Berjano, R.: "Trait emotional intelligence as a predictor of adaptive responses to positive and negative affect during adolescence". Frontiers in Psychology. Vol. 9, article 2525, (2018).
dc.description.abstractIntroduction and aim : The examination of trait emotional intelligence as an important component of adolescent psychological adjustment and coping has received a great deal of attention. Trait emotional intelligence is expected to reduce the vulnerability to emotional problems by reducing mood deterioration in adverse situations. Most research to date has addressed the regulation of negative affective states, with less attention paid to the responses to positive affect. Thus, the aim of this research was to examine the cross-sectional and prospective associations between trait emotional intelligence dimensions (i.e., trait emotional attention, trait emotional clarity, and trait emotional repair), response styles to negative affect (i.e., depressive rumination and distraction) and response to positive affect (i.e., emotion-focused and self-focused positive rumination and dampening) in adolescence. Methods: A 1-year follow-up study was conducted with a sample of 880 adolescents (52.4% girls) aged 14–17 years old (M = 14.74, SD = 0.68) who were enrolled in 18 high schools in Andalusia (Spain). Participants completed self-report measures of trait emotional intelligence, response to negative affect and response styles to positive affect. To analyse the data, hierarchical regression analyses and path analysis were performed. Results: Our results showed that high trait emotional attention was cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with more dampening of positive affect and more depressive rumination. Furthermore, high trait emotional repair was cross-sectionally and longitudinally related to more distraction to negative affect and more self-focused positive rumination. Some gender differences were also found; girls reported higher trait emotional attention, higher dampening, and higher depressive rumination. Furthermore, boys reported higher trait emotional repair, higher self-focused positive rumination and higher distraction to negative affect. Conclusions and discussion: Our findings provide longitudinal evidence of the relationships between trait emotional intelligence and responses to both positive and negative affect during adolescence. Consequently, interventions designed to promote resilience during adolescence could target the development of more adaptive responses to both negative and positive affect within the framework of school-based emotional education programmes.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education's University Lecturer Training Program (AP2009-4621), awarded to DG-B.
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher’s versión
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.subject.otherTrait emotional intelligencees_ES
dc.subject.otherResponse styleses_ES
dc.subject.otherPositive affectes_ES
dc.titleTrait emotional intelligence as a predictor of adaptive responses to positive and negative affect during adolescencees_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/Spanish Ministry of Education's University Lecturer Training Program [AP2009-4621]

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