The role of transnationalism, personal networks and social networks in the migratory projects of a small Cameroonian community in Huelva
Fecha de publicación2012
ResumenAlthough there has been much recent research on the area of transnationalism, social networks, social capital and cultural capital, not so much has been reported about immigration and social networks from a Social Network Analysis (SNA) perspective, and little has been published about immigrant’s small communities with this focus. A great part of the studies in the immigration area are focused more on majority ethnic groups settled in a country, than on minority ones. This text studies the trajectories of Cameroonian immigrants from their place of origin till their arrival and establishment in Huelva (Spain). Through their life stories and the application of a SNA module, it examines the role of social networks in origin in determining or influencing their complete migratory trajectory (from their decision to migrate, and the origin of the funds to do it, till the decision to stay in Europe and their planning –if it exists- of return). The chapter’s main objective is trying to assess the role of Cameroonians’ personal networks in the migratory process and in their integration. It also tries to answer how far transnational networks seem to be influencing and configuring their lives. We found that the presence of people from different countries appeared in all the personal networks. Lots of people cited as support network used to be from Cameroonian origin, but they were living in the same area (not in the country of origin or other), indicating the importance of proximity for daily life in our cases. It was accompanied by the tendency to reproduce and reinvent the homeland in the destination country. Intensive and extensive transnational practices were found in a minority of cases.
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